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Welcome to the Abraham modal haplotype WikiEdit

abraham modal haplotype represent Arab ancestry

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Abraham modal haplotype represent Abraham and the divergence of Arabs and Jews around 4000 years ago.


Historical BackgroundEdit

In addition to Arabic saga, Bible, Quran about the Jewish and Arab ancestry from Abraham, the ancient Historical records are abound with such records such as The Assyrian Royal records which mention a king of Ishmael around 1000 B.C. and name the same king as king of Qedar and mention many of the sons of Ishmael mentioned in the Bible and Arab saga. Such inscriptions continue in the royal inscriptions for several hundred years extending to the Neo-Babylonian royal inscriptions especially King Nabonidus.

"House of David" is mentioned around the samer time in Syrian Royal tablet confirm the historicity of Abraham ancestry of Arabs and Jews.

Abraham modal haplotypeEdit

Discovered by Dr. Anatole Klyosov in 2009, The Abraham modal haplotype is a set of DNA marker on the Y-chromsome that has been hypothesized to mark the person when the split between the Jewish and the Arabic lineages. A modal haplotype is used in Genetic Genealogy to trace back ancestry of a group of people of common descent supported by paper trail or historical evidence. 

MRCA (most common recent ancestor) is supposed to have the Modal haplotype while all his descendents either have it or cluster around it. After figuring the Modal Haplotype an estimation of the time to the most recent common ancestor TMRCA of MRCA of Jews and Arabs of haplogroup J1 (subclade J1e) to 4,125±525, a time close to that of the legendary Biblical split into the Jewish and the Arabic lineages.[1]


[2][3]klyosov re-syncronized clustering methods to reestablish time to Abraham again in another study to 4,300±500 ybp (years before present), and the "J1 Abraham Modal Haplotype" which he calculated based on "Cohen Modal Haplotype" (CMH). From MRCA a split occurred between the Jewish and the Arabic lineages in haplogroup J1 (J1e*) that is clear on the haplotypes maps of the study, and it is reminiscent of the story of Abraham and his siblings, Ishmael, Isaac, and Jacob, the patriarchs of the Arabs and the Jews.[4][5]. Rozhanski adjusted the time to 3900 years before present based on Mutation rate contants principle[6], based on previous studies that found that J1-Cohen Modal Haplotype and Galilee modal haplotype and Israeli Bedoins Modal Haplotype diverged from Cohan Modal Haplotype (Y-chromosomal Aaron)in haplogroup J1(Eu10)[7][8] where Galilee modal haplotype was the ancestral haplotype of the Arabs dominant among all current all Arabs (Yemenites and Adnanites) found in Yemen, Palestine and North Africa.[9], later study found J1e (p58) combines both J1-Cohanim and J1-Arabs[10][11]

Later a subclade of J1e called L147.1 the dominant subclade of J1 is exclusively Arab abd Cohanim J1 (where J1 Ethiopian and J1 Assyrians dont have the YCAII=22,22 and the high in STR: DYS388)[12][13]

Rabbi Kleiman in his book DNA and Tradition states: "Since Abraham was only removed from Aaron few hundred years, then CMH is the genetic signature of Abraham father of Jacob and Ishmael, and that explain why we also find the CMH in high numbers among Arabs who traditionally claim to be the progeny of Abraham through his son Ishmael, who would also have to be carrying Abraham's male genetic signature".[14]

ReferencesEdit

1-Klyosov A (2009). "DNA genealogy, Mutation rates, and some historical evidence written in Y-chromosome, Part I: Basic Principles and the Method". Journal of Genetic Genealogy 5(2): 198. "Origin of peoples in a context of DNA genealogy is an assignment of each of them to a particular tribe or its branch (lineage) initiated in a genealogical sense by a particular ancestor who had a base (“ancestral”) haplotype. This also includes an estimation of a time span between the common ancestor and its current descendants. If information obtained this way can be presented in a historical context and supported, even arguably, by other independent archeological, linguistic, historical, ethnographic, anthropological and other related considerations, this can be called a success"

2- Klyosov A (2009). "DNA genealogy, mutation rates, and some historical evidence written in Y-chromosome, Part II: Walking the map". Journal of Genetic Genealogy 5 (2): 217–256.

3- Klyosov, Anatole Alex (8 October 2009). "A comment on the paper: Extended Y chromosome haplotypes resolve multiple and unique lineages of the Jewish Priesthood by M.F. Hammer, D.M. Behar, T.M. Karafet, F.L. Mendez, B. Hallmark, T. Erez, L.A. Zhivotovsky, S. Rosset, K. Skorecki, Hum Genet, published online 8 August 2009". Human Genetics 126 (5): 719–724. doi:10.1007/s00439-009-0739-1.

4- Klyosov A (2010). "'Origin of the Jews and the Arabs: Date of their most recent common ancestor is written in their Y-chromosomes - However, there were two of them". Nature Precedings.

5- Nebel, A; Filon, D; Brinkmann, B; Majumder, PP; Faerman, M; Oppenheim, A (2001 Nov). "The Y chromosome pool of Jews as part of the genetic landscape of the Middle East.".American journal of human genetics 69 (5): 1095–112. PMID 11573163.

6- Nebel (2001), divergence map of Cohan Modal Haplotype Galilee modal haplotype and Israeli Bedoins Modal haplotype, American Journal of Human Genetics. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1274378/figure/FG3

7- Nebel, A; Landau-Tasseron, E; Filon, D; Oppenheim, A; Faerman, M (2002 Jun). "Genetic evidence for the expansion of Arabian tribes into the Southern Levant and North Africa.".American journal of human genetics 70 (6): 1594–6. PMID 11992266.

8- Hammer MF, Behar DM, Karafet TM, Mendez FL, Hallmark B, Erez T, Zhivotovsky LA, Rosset S, Skorecki K (November 2009). "Extended Y chromosome haplotypes resolve multiple and unique lineages of the Jewish priesthood". Hum. Genet. 126 (5): 707–17. doi:10.1007/s00439-009-0727-5. PMC 2771134. PMID 19669163.

9- Klyosov, Anatole Alex (8 October 2009). "A comment on the paper: Extended Y chromosome haplotypes resolve multiple and unique lineages of the Jewish Priesthood by M.F. Hammer, D.M. Behar, T.M. Karafet, F.L. Mendez, B. Hallmark, T. Erez, L.A. Zhivotovsky, S. Rosset, K. Skorecki, Hum Genet, published online 8 August 2009". Human Genetics 126 (5): 719–724. doi:10.1007/s00439-009-0739-1.

10- Chiaroni et Al (14 October 2009). "The emergence of Y-chromosome haplogroup J1e among Arabic-speaking populations". European Journal of Human Genetics 18 (3): 348–353.doi:10.1038/ejhg.2009.166. PMC 2987219.

11- "Haplogroup J1".

12-  Kleiman Y (2004). DNA and Tradition: The Genetic Link to the Ancient Hebrews. New York: Devora. p. 162. ISBN 1-930143-89-3.

Further readingEdit

Klyosov, A.A. Which haplogroup should have Abraham belonged to – J1 or J2? Proc. Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, 3, No.2, 168-186, 2010

Aliev, A.A., Klyosov A.A. Part of “Mountain Jews” are descendants of Abraham on their male lineage. Proc. Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, 3, No. 3, 379-384, 2010.

Klyosov, A.A. , Luguev, R.G. Did Seyids originate from the DNA lineage of Mohammed the Prophet, and the Prophet, as well as the Jews, from Abraham? Proc. Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, 2, 1182-1199, 2009

Klyosov, A.A. The origin of Jews in the context of DNA genealogy. Proceedings of the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, vol. 4, No. 7, 1503-1514, 2011

Klyosov, A.A. Origin of the Jews via DNA genealogy. Proceedings of the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, 1, 54-232, 2008.

Klyosov, A.A. Origin of the Jews and the Arabs: Date of their Most Recent Common Ancestor is Written in Their Y Chromosomes – However, There Were Two of Them. Proceedings of the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, vol. 3, No. 4, 635-653, 2010.

Klyosov, A.A. The genome-wide analysis of Jewish populations and its comparison with data of DNA genealogy. Proc. Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy, 3, No. 7, 1144-1164, 2010

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